Woodworking Plans

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Anatomy of a Window

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Single-Hung or Double-Hung Vinyl Window

  1. Head jamb
  2. Grilles between the glass (GBG)
  3. Glazing/glass
  4. Sash
  5. Side jamb 
  6. Stile
  7. Rail
  8. Sill

Window Types

Each type of window has specific features and characteristics. In addition to appearance (from inside and outside), consider their function, whether or not you want to open them and the amount of light they let in. Also think about how you''t allow ventilation.

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Glass Block Windows

Glass block windows are constructed from individual blocks sealed together with mortar. The thick, break-resistant glass provides privacy but still allows light into your home. Glass block windows are fixed, but some have a built-in vent you can tilt open. Other models — designed for use in a laundry room — include an outlet for a dryer vent hose.

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Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Basement Hopper Windows

Basement hopper windows are hinged on the bottom and open from the top. They can provide airflow for a basement and are typically placed low on an exterior wall.

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Other Types of Windows

There are other common window types often designated for new construction.

Projection windows extend out from the house. A bow window is an assembly of three or more individual units positioned at slight angles — 10 degrees, for example — giving the appearance of a gentle outward arc. Bay windows are similar but fit together at greater angles — 30 or 45 degrees, for example — and project further from the house.

Picture windows are fixed models designed to offer wide, unobstructed for 1 last update 2020/08/06 views and provide lots of light.Picture windows are fixed models designed to offer wide, unobstructed views and provide lots of light.

Casement windows are hinged on one end and pivot out for ventilation at the other end. They''t require painting or finishing, and the material doesn''re durable, light and relatively easy to handle. Aluminum windows are corrosion-resistant and require little maintenance.

  • Wood is popular, particularly for the interior parts of a window. It''t conduct as much heat or cold as other materials and doesn''t occur between the panes, but a drying agent, called a desiccant, may be used between the panes as added protection from condensation.

    Low-emissivity (Low-E) glass has a coating that allows light in but blocks much of the heat that contacts it. A Low-E coating can help keep your home cool on a hot day by reducing the exterior heat entering your home. On a cold day, it can keep most of the interior heat from escaping through the glass. Low-E glass also reduces the amount of ultraviolet (UV) light entering the home, helping protect carpets, upholstery and furniture from fading.

    The U-value or U-factor of the window indicates the rate at which heat flows through the window and frame, and measures overall energy efficiency. A lower U-value means the window will insulate better.

    Solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) is a specification that indicates how much solar energy passes through the window. A higher number means the window allows a higher percentage of solar heat to pass through. If you live in the South, you may want to consider windows with lower SHGC ratings to block heat in the summer and reduce cooling costs. In the North, you may want to look for windows with higher ratings to allow the sun to aid in warming your home.

    Windows may be labeled as ENERGY STAR® certified for specific zones of the country. Take a look at Residential Windows, Doors and Skylights to learn the benefits of these windows.

  • Other Window Features and Options

    Tempered glass is a type of safety glazing. The glass crumbles when broken rather than shattering like standard (annealed) window glass.

    The Sound Transmission Class (STC) rating of a window indicates how well it reduces noise from outside. A higher number means less sound is transmitted through the window.

    Double-strength glass is thicker and resists breakage better than single-strength glass.

    Rough opening dimensions indicate the size opening the window will fit. The actual dimensions of the window are slightly smaller than the rough measurements to allow for installation materials.

    Grids or grilles are available for 1 last update 2020/08/06 with some windows to simulate the look of a window made up of multiple, smaller panes of glass. The grid may be mounted on the window surface or encased between panes of glass.Grids or grilles are available with some windows to simulate the look of a window made up of multiple, smaller panes of glass. The grid may be mounted on the window surface or encased between panes of glass.

    Window Cleaning Tips

    Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for There are many ideas about what formula works best for cleaning windows. A simple mixture of a gallon of water with either a teaspoon of baby shampoo or 1-1/2 cups of vinegar is an effective recipe for general cleaning.

    Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Follow these simple steps to keep your windows clean and streak-free.

    • Rinse the window surface from top to bottom with clean water.
    • Clean with one of the mixtures listed above and a sponge. Apply uniform pressure horizontally, then vertically.
    • Don''ve got ideas to share. Enter your email and ZIP code.

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